Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1596-1600

Investigating the relationship between self-efficacy and emotional divorce among nurses in the city of Rasht, Iran(2015)


1 Department of Community Health Nursing, Tabriz Health Service Management Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Community Health Nursing, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of Community Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Zahra Khorshidi
Community Health Nursing, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ATMPH.ATMPH_536_17

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Introduction: One of the divorce processes is called emotional divorce which is common in Asian families. In such a condition, couples live together under the same roof due to necessity and compulsion, but they have no constructive and appropriate relationships. Given the positive effects of self-efficacy on the levels of family and marital satisfaction, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-efficacy and emotional divorce rate among nurses in the city of Rasht in northern Iran. Materials and Methods: This study was a cross-sectional research of correlational type. To this end, 382 qualified nurses from Educational-Medical Centers in the city of Rasht in the north of Iran were selected by systematic quota and random sampling methods. The research instruments consisted of the two-part questionnaire of demographic characteristics and Gottmann's Emotional Divorce Scale as well as General Self-Efficacy Scale by Sherer. To analyze the data, independent t-test and Pearson correlation coefficient methods through the SPSS 19 software were used. Results: The results of this study showed that the mean age of participants was 39±7years old. In terms of gender, 346 participants(93.5%) were women and 24(6.5%) were men. Moreover, it was assumed that emotional divorce rate was low, but self-efficacy was at a high level. There was also a significant and inverse correlation between emotional divorce rate and levels of self-efficacy equal to−0.157(P=0.002). Conclusion: It was concluded that self-efficacy was effective in all areas. Promoting self-efficacy could lead to a rise in the levels of marital satisfaction and a decline in emotional divorce rate. Therefore, due to the sensitive occupational status of nurses, it was recommended to include life skills training and improved self-efficacy in job promotion planning to enhance the performance of nurses.


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