Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
Home About us Ahead Of Print Instructions Submission Subscribe Advertise Contact e-Alerts Editorial Board Login 
Users Online:973
  Print this page  Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1746-1751

Adolescents' awareness of fruit and vegetable consumption in Iran: An unacceptable status


1 Health Education and Health Promotion, Department of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor of Biostatistics, Department of Epidemiology, Environmental and Occupational Hazards Control Research Center, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
M Ghaffari
Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tabnak Ave, Daneshjou Blvd, Velenjak, Tehran
Iran
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ATMPH.ATMPH_625_17

Rights and Permissions

Background: Knowledge and awareness of fruit and vegetable consumption is considered as one of the determining factors of this behavior in children and adolescents. This study is conducted to assess adolescents' awareness of fruit and vegetable consumption in Tehran city. Materials and Methods: The present research is a cross-sectional, descriptive-analytic study which is conducted to assess Tehranian adolescents' awareness of fruit and vegetable consumption. In this research, 500 students aged 11–14years from middle schools in Tehran(250 boys and 250 girls) were studied. Participants were selected by multistage random sampling method. The inclusion criteria were age 11–14years, informed consent and voluntary participation of students in the study. Data were collected by means of a researcher-made questionnaire which included 11 questions about demographic characteristics and 17 questions about participants' awareness. The face validity and content validity of this questionnaire are assessed, and its reliability is measured by internal consistency method(α =0.7). Completed questionnaires were collected, and data were entered into the computer. T-test, one-way analysis of variance, and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the collected data by means of SPSS 18. Results: The mean scores of adolescents' awareness of fruit and vegetable consumption was 27.21 with standard deviation of 3.26. The awareness of fruit and vegetable consumption in 35 students(7%) was poor, in 266 students(53.2%) was moderate and in 181 students(36.2%) was good. The findings of this study showed a significant difference between boys' and girls' awareness of fruit and vegetable consumption. There was a significant association between student' awareness and age, number of family members, and mothers' education level as well. However, there was no relationship between participants' awareness and their fathers' education level and also a residential area. Conclusion: Tehranian adolescents' awareness of fruit and vegetable consumption is not acceptable. It is recommended to design and implement some interventional programs to promote adolescents' awareness of fruit and vegetable consumption.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1660    
    Printed44    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded19    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal