Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 47-51

The status of safe drinking water and sanitation in Batabaria, Comilla, Bangladesh

1 Hathazari Health Complex, Chittagong, Bangladesh
2 National Institute of Trauma and Orthopedics (NITOR), Dhaka, Bangladesh
3 Director, Rural Economics and Management, Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development (BARD), Comilla, Bangladesh

Correspondence Address:
Mohammad Robed Amin
Department of Medicine, Hathazari Upazilla Health Complex, Chittagong, Bangladesh. House No. 28, R.C. Church Road, Patherghata, Chittagong
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.50683

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Background: In a developing country like Bangladesh, people are constantly battling different diseases most of which are caused by a lack of clean drinking water and sanitation. Improved hygiene (hand washing and safe water use) and sanitation (sanitary latrine) are also essential for reducing cases of diarrhea, parasitic infestation, morbidity, and mortality. A field study was carried out in the village of Batabaria in Comilla to identify the status of safe drinking water and sanitation. Materials and Methods: The village of Batabaria under Comilla Sadar was selected for data collection. Data was collected by using the direct observation method, a sample questionnaire, and discussions with key informants. Thirty houses were chosen from the village. A total of 158 respondents were interviewed to gather information for the study. Results: The average family size was 5.26, which is more or less the same average of Comilla, however, it is a little lower than the national average of 5.6. Most of the family members were students (40.5%) and housewives (22.78%). Thirty percent of the respondents live below the poverty line while the national average is 47%. The percentage of respondents engaged in agricultural work is 11.2%, which is far lower than our national percentage of 53%. All of the households use tube wells for drinking and domestic purposes, presumed to be arsenic free. A total of 98% use sanitary latrines. Among the respondents, 76% wash their hands before meals and after defecation. Conclusion: A comprehensive village development plan should be carried out in every village in Bangladesh to improve the standard of safe water use and sanitation.

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