Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 59-63

Correlates of the immunization status of children in an urban slum of Delhi

1 Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine (Unani) Jamia Hamdard (Hamdard University), New Delhi - 110 062, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Sikkim-Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, 5th Mile, Tadong, Gangtok, 737 102, Sikkim, India
3 Department of Epidemiology, National Institute of Communicable Disease (NICD) 22, Sham Nath Marg, New Delhi - 110 054, India

Correspondence Address:
Ranabir Pal
Department of Community Medicine, Sikkim-Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences and Central Referral Hospital, 5th Mile Tadong, Gangtok, Sikkim, 737 102
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.50686

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Background: This was a community-based, observational, cross-sectional study to determine the immunization status of children living in slums in the 26 blocks of Sangam Vihar and 4 blocks of Tigri extension area of South Delhi, India. Study Population: A total of 210 children between 12 and 23 months old. Sampling Technique: 30 cluster technique approved by the World Health Organization. Primary Outcome Measures: Immunization coverage by sex, religion, type of family, occupational status of the head of the family, stated average monthly family income, and education status of the mothers. Data collection procedure: Interview technique; principal investigator Dr. Imteyaz Ahmad collected the data using a standardized structured interview schedule with the mother/caregivers of children 12 to 23 months old after permission to conduct the study was taken from the civic authority of the local government. Record analysis of antenatal care for tetanus immunization by antenatal cards and BCG scar survey by observation of scar arm in the deltoid region for scar was also done by him. Results: One hundred and six (50.4%) children in our sample were found to be fully immunized, 88(41.9%) partially immunized and 16 (7.6%) were not immunized. Amongst these associations the difference of coverage by occupation groups and mothers education were found to be statistically significant. Conclusion: There was a discernable bias in favour of male children, Hindu children, children of nuclear family, children of non manual labour occupation parents, children from higher income family and children with mothers having high school or higher level education.

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