Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-19

A study of the profile of behavioral risk factors of non communicable diseases in an urban setting using the WHO steps 1 approach

Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Anita Nath
Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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India is in the grip of an epidemic posed by non communicable diseases and a rising trend is even being witnessed in low socio-economic urban areas. A total of 531 adults residing in an urban settlement area participated and were interviewed with regard to the presence of behavioral risk factors using the World Health Organization (WHO) STEPS 1 questionnaire on various parameters. Smoking prevalence was found to be 18.4%, out of which more than three-fourths of the adults smoked more than one packet of cigarettes per day. Almost one-third of known hypertensive patients were not on any treatment regimen. A total of 40.3% did not participate in any kind of physical activity; 43% consumed only one serving of green vegetables a day while 58% of the patients included fruits as a part of their diet only once or twice a week. There is a need to develop strong community-based intervention programs that adopt comprehensive preventive and promotive strategies.

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