Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 33-36

Hepatitis-B infection: Awareness among medical, dental interns in India

1 Resident Physician, NorthEast Iowa Medical Education Foundation, Waterloo, IA, USA
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Dentistry, Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Post Graduate and Medical Education Research, Pondicherry, India
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Arupadai Veedu Medical College, Pondicherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Pazhaniaandi Tirounilacandin
Resident Physician, NEIMEF, 2055 Kimball Avenue, Waterloo, IA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Aim: The aim of the study was to compare the level of awareness on Hepatitis-B infection among medical and dental interns in Pondicherry, India. Materials and Methods: Questionnaire containing a set of 20 different questions on Hepatitis B infection was distributed among 64 Medical and 49 Dental Interns of Arupadai Veedu Medical College and Mahatma Gandhi Dental College, Pondicherry, India, respectively. Results: The majority of interns (94.7%) were aware that Hepatitis B virus is the major cause of Hepatitis. About 33.6 and 59.3% of interns had very good and moderate knowledge respectively. The study shows that dental interns (34.7%) had better awareness than medical interns (32.8%). About 52.2% believed that Hepatitis B virus can be transmitted by semen and vaginal secretions. Only 39.9% of the interns believed that doctors, dentists infected with HBV should not have direct contact with patients. Conclusion: One- third of the interns had very good knowledge about Hepatitis B. The majority had good knowledge regarding the mode of transmission and attitude towards HBV patients. However, there is a misconception about prophylaxis, vaccination and treatment of HBV. Hence there is an imperative need for health education to improve the knowledge and attitude of the interns towards Hepatitis B.

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