Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 114-118

Cardiovascular health promotion in schools of Delhi, India: A baseline evaluation of environment and policies

Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Ravneet Kaur
H. no 3, Opp. Manak Bhawan Staff Quarters, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi-110 002
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.95965

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Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality. Most of the risk factors of CVDs develop early in childhood. Schools immensely influence the thinking pattern of students and can thus shape their behavior. However, no amount of knowledge and awareness can change health behaviours of students until they get support from enabling environment in the schools. The Ottawa charter has also emphasized on building healthy public policy and creating supportive environments for health promotion in schools. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted in 10 schools in Delhi, India. School policies, environment, community participation and approach of school health agency were assessed by interviewing authorities, review of related documents and direct observation in schools. Results: It was found that none of the schools had any written health policy. Environment in most of the schools was not conducive for cardiovascular health promotion. Conclusion: The study highlights that the schools lack health policies and environment for cardiovascular health and also points out the approach of school health agency, focusing on medical check-ups and treatment of minor illnesses.

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