Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 133-136

A case of Plasmodium vivax malaria associated with severe autoimmune hemolytic anaemia

1 Department of Medicine, J. N. Medical College, DMIMSU, Sawangi, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Pathology, J. N. Medical College, DMIMSU, Sawangi, Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Sourya Acharya
Department of Medicine, J. N. Medical College, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha - 442 001, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.95972

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Anemia in malaria is multifactorial. Autoimmune hemolysis is an extremely rare cause of anemia in malaria and more so in vivax malaria. A 35-year-old female presented to us with fever and anemia. She was diagnosed as vivax malaria with autoimmune hemolytc anemia by a positive Direct Coomb's test. We treated her with antimalarial durgs, corticosteroids, and transfused her with the least incompatible blood. The patient recovered and was discharged. Hence, we suggest that autoimmune hemolysis be considered an important cause of anemia in Plasmodium vivax (P. vivax) malaria.

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