Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 225-230

The spectrum of hydatid disease in rural central India: An 11-year experience

Department of Surgery, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (MGIMS), Sewagram, Wardha, Maharashtra - 442 102, India

Correspondence Address:
Siddharth S Rao
Department of Surgery, MGIMS, Sewagram, Wardha, Maharashtra - 442 102
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.98624

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Background: Hydatid disease or Echinococcosis is a zoonotic disease caused by the larva of Echinococcus species and is one of the oldest known diseases to man. The disease has a worldwide distribution and is also well recognized and documented in India. Aims: This study was carried out with the aim of describing the epidemiology (demography, clinical presentation, imaging characteristics, and in-hospital course) of Cystic Echinococcosis (CE) in central India. Materials and Methods: The clinical study of hydatid disease was conducted as a single case series including both historical and current cases at the Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Central India. The study investigator screened all the histopathology records from 1997 to 2004 for historical case group. The current case group extended from 2005 to 2007. The historical case group included 91 patients and the current case group had 26 surgically treated patients. Results: Females were the dominant sex affected by the disease. Hydatid of the liver was more common, especially in the right lobe. Pain in the abdomen was the most common presenting complaint. Lump in the abdomen was the most common clinical finding. Patients with pulmonary hydatid presented to the hospital earlier than the patients with abdominal hydatid (P=0.03). Partial pericystectomy and external drainage was the most commonly performed surgery. The most common postoperative complication was wound infection. Conclusions: This study highlights the epidemiology of CE in the rural region of Indian subcontinent. The population in rural areas are more exposed to zoonotic diseases. Proper education, creating awareness, and implementing strict rules regarding the disposal of remains of slaughtered animals can help eradicate this disease.

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