Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 453-457

A study on mental distress among MBBS students in a Medical College, Kolkata, India

1 Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine and JNM Hospital, Kalyani, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Medical College, Berhampur, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Murshidabad Medical College, Berhampur, India
4 Department of Community Medicine, ID and BG Hospital, Kolkata, India

Correspondence Address:
Pankaj K Mandal
60B, Lake East 6th Road, Kolkata-700075
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.105131

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Background: The undergraduate medical training period is a stressful period. In the recent years, due to growing competitiveness and aspiration for achievement the pressure on the students has increased manyfolds and makes the medical students more vulnerable for developing mental distress and thus contributes to poor academic performance and substance use. So an observational, cross-sectional study was conducted among the undergraduate students in a medical college to study the prevalence of mental distress among the undergraduate students of Medical College, Kolkata, India and to find out the correlation between mental distress and explanatory variables among the study population. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional, observational study among the undergraduate students in a medical college, Kolkata, India and used SRQ-20 for the assessment of mental distress. Result: The prevalence of mental distress was 14.5%. Present occupancy, parent's occupation, attempt in MBBS entrance examination, students who could not cope with the situation, socioeconomic status, and place of residence were found as risk factors of mental distress. A total of 78% of the explanatory variables could be explained by binary logistic regression analysis. Conclusion: Considering these risk factors, preventive measures should be undertaken to reduce the mental distress and its consequences.

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