Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 471-473

Seroprevalance of rubella in women with bad obstetric history in Tirupati of Andhra Pradesh state of India


1 Department of Microbiology, Srivenkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Microbiology, Sri Venkateswara Medical College, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
B V Ramana
Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, Srivenkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati-517 507, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.105135

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Introduction: Rubella is a common cause of rash and fever during childhood. However, its public health importance relates to the teratogenic effects of primary rubella infection occurring in pregnant women, which can lead to fetal death with spontaneous abortion or to congenital defects in surviving infants. Most of the cases are asymptomatic and difficult to diagnose on clinical grounds. Materials and Methods: Detection of specific IgM antibodies by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique is a useful method for diagnosis. This study was conducted on 180 pregnant women attending antenatal clinics at Govt. Maternity Hospital, Tirupati. All the serum samples were tested for rubella-specific IgM antibodies. Results: A seropositivity of 12.67% was observed among cases with bad obstetric history and 6.67% in normal pregnant women. Within the test group, high seropositivity (13.33%) was observed in women with repeated abortions followed by in cases of intrauterine death (12.73%). Conclusions: The results indicate high prevalence of rubella in our population. All antenatal cases should be routinely screened for rubella, so that early diagnosis will help in proper management and fetal outcome.


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