Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 232-235

Diagnosis of malaria in red sea state, Sudan

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Red Sea University, Port Sudan, Sudan

Correspondence Address:
Ali K Ageep
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Red Sea University, Port Sudan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.116504

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Background: Malaria is one of the world killers, but it is curable disease if patients have access to early diagnosis and prompt treatment. The aims of this study are to estimate the frequency of malaria cases among febrile patients, to evaluate the frequency of the parasite species, and to detect the best method for diagnosis of malaria in Red Sea State, Sudan. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out in laboratory of the Red Sea Medical center, Port Sudan, Sudan in period from July 2005 to May 2011. Blood samples were collected from 9,670 febrile patients suspected to have malaria and were examined by expert technologists under the supervision of senior pathologist. Another 717 blood samples seen in peripheral laboratories by routine microscopy were sent for confirmation by expert microscopy. Rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) were also done to these blood samples. Results: Out of the 9,670 febrile patients, only 283 had malaria by expert microscopy. The commonest plasmodium specie that causes malaria in the region was P. falciparum (50.2%), followed by P. vivax (43.8%). The specificity of routine microscopy was (52.7%) and that for RDT was (90.4%). The sensitivity of routine microscopy was (98.6%) while that for RDT was (99.8%). Conclusions: Small number of patients complaining of fever had malaria in Red Sea State with P. falciparum representing (50.2%), followed by P. vivax (43.8%). RDT is recommended for diagnosis of malaria in our region.

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