Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 460-464

Microbial profile in women with puerperal sepsis in Gadarif State, Eastern Sudan

1 Department of Medical Laboratories, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Buriadah, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Gadarif University, Al Qadarif, Sudan

Correspondence Address:
Mohamed Alkhatim Alsammani
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Buriadah
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.127801

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Background: Increasingly, women in rural areas in Sudan reported to hospital with puerperal sepsis. Aims: This study was design to identify the common pathogens causing puerperal sepsis and their susceptibility to current antibiotics. Materials and Methods: We prospectively studied 170 women from January 2011 through December 2012 who attended Hussein Mustafa Hospital for Obstetrics and Gynecology at Gadarif State, Sudan. We included patients if they met the criteria proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO) for definition of puerperal sepsis. Results: Out of the 170 patients, 124 (72.9%) were pathogen-positive samples. Out of 124 positive isolates, aerobes were the predominant isolates 77 (62.1%) which included Staphylococcus aureus 49 (39.5%), Staphylococcus epidermidis 7(5.6%), and Listeria monocytogenes 21 (16.9%). The anaerobe isolates were Clostridium perfringens 34 (27.4%) and Enterobactor cloacae 13 (10.5%). Standard biochemical test were for bacterial isolation. Higher rate of infections followed vaginal delivery compared to Cesarean section, 121 (97.6%) and 3 (2.5%), respectively. All strains of Staph were sensitive to vancomycin, gentamicin, and ceftriaxone. C. perfringens were sensitive to ceftriaxone, penicillin, vancomycin, and metronidazole, while E. cloacae was sensitive to gentamicin and ceftriaxone. Conclusion: In this study, the main bacteriological isolates were S. aureus, S. epidermidis, L. monocytogenes, C. perfringens, and E. cloacae. Despite the limited resources in the developing countries, treatment based on cultures remains the only solution to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality rates following puerperal sepsis.

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