Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1661-1667

Identifying and investigating exercise activity on the factors of physical fitness and well-being of the staff at the Isfahan University of Technology

1 Physical Education Center, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
2 Instructor of Physical Education, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan; Physical Education and Sport Science, Major of Pathology and Corrective Exercises, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mojtaba Babaei Khorzoghi
Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ATMPH.ATMPH_574_17

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Objective: The results of the conducted studies investigating the prevalence of machinery life and increase of cardiovascular diseases imply that motor poverty and especially low aerobic power and increase in blood fat are among primary risk factors in cardiovascular diseases. To prevent these discomforts, doing regular physical and exercise activities are recommended; hence, people's participation in physical activities and their awareness of physical status and well-being factors, especially blood fat and cardiovascular profile are of utmost importance. The general purpose of this study, besides awareness of the participants' physical well-being, is to investigate the effect of exercise activities on physical fitness and blood fat profile in the staff of Isfahan University of Technology. Methods: A semi-experimental method with clinical experiments was used in this research, and the effect of 8 weeks of 45–50-min sessions of exercise, twice a week, and on the staff's physical performance was investigated. An experimental and a control group were randomly selected from volunteer male staff. The research variables were measured from the participants, and the results were addressed through SPSS software and statistical formulas and considering research hypotheses regarding the degree of variable changes. Results: The results of this study showed that comparing the degree of changes of the variables of body weight, body mass index, 1600-meter race, sit-ups 94-meter race, Swedish swimming, and blood cholesterol was significantly changed at P < 0.05 level after training period compared to before-training, and there was no significant change at P < 0.05 level in other research variables. Moreover, it was observed that the degree of changes of the variables of 1600-meter race, sit-up, stretch board, Swedish swimming, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein, and the experimental group was significantly different at P < 0.05 level compared to the control group, and there was no significant difference at P < 0.05 level. Conclusion: It was observed from the results of this study that aerobic exercise trainings cause the increase of power, cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, and suitable changes in blood fat and the degree of the staff's flexibility. Therefore, attending program to increase the staff's physical activity level and physical fitness seems necessary. Furthermore, to control body fat, it is advised that men regularly measure their blood cholesterol after the age of 35, and LDL should be lower than 130 mg/dl but better to be lower than 100 mg/dl in the patients suffering from cardiovascular disease.

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