Symptoms of parasitic infection may range from skin irritation to digestive problems. An individual can experience changes in mood and muscle pain, and even post-traumatic stress disorder. They can affect people of any race, socioeconomic status, or environment. Those who travel to endemic areas or have pets are at a higher risk of developing parasitic infections. Toxins from a parasitic infection can affect the nervous system and blood cells, making the symptoms uncomfortable, but not life-threatening.
Children in developing countries are more susceptible to parasitic infections. Besides the symptoms of intestinal obstruction, children may also suffer from iron-deficiency anemia, surgical morbidity, and cognitive and educational impairment. In some cases, the infestations may lead to a biliary infection, liver abscess, or intestinal obstruction. Surgical treatment is often required to treat the complications of parasitic infections. Hydatid cysts are also common in this region.
In rural communities, nomads do not have access to basic health care and sanitary facilities. Nomads live in remote areas with few resources. They are hard to reach and are difficult to survey. In Nigeria, there are few studies on their health and lifestyle indices. In this context, it is important to find a way to determine the relationship between parasitic infestation and child development. The prevalence of parasitic infestation in children of nomadic Fulani in Kaduna, Nigeria, should be high, regardless of location.
Because of the lack of basic health care and sanitary facilities, nomads are particularly vulnerable to parasitic infections. These children may suffer from malnutrition, iron-deficiency anemia, and even cognitive and educational impairment. Some of the complications of parasitic infections may require surgical intervention, including liver abscess, intestinal obstruction, and hydatid cysts. If left untreated, the underlying causes of parasitic infestations may cause a fatal condition.
Nomadic pastoralists in Nigeria are largely isolated from basic health care facilities. In addition to limited access to healthcare, this group also lacks knowledge about their lifestyle and health indices. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between parasitic infestation and the prevalence of amoebic cysts among nomadic Fulani children in Kaduna, Nigeria. It will also provide an opportunity to measure the prevalence of a parasitic infection in nomads in the region.
The authors of the study examined faeces for parasites. In addition to this, they used binary logistic regression models to identify factors that were associated with parasitic diseases in a sample of 319 children. These factors included child age, family income, number of inhabitants, and type of water, including natural sources, shallow wells, and sewage flowing in the street. These factors are important to identify the causes of parasitic infections and to prevent them.
In addition to promoting poor sanitation, parasitic infection has been linked to environmental degradation, poor climate conditions, and poor personal hygiene. These parasites cause diahorea, weight loss, lack of appetite, and iron deficiency anemia. Although the causes of parasitic infection are different in different regions of the world, their effects on human health are common and sometimes can be fatal. While their effects vary from person to person, they all contribute to environmental and community health.
A study published in the Journal of Biological Sciences has shown that people living in rural areas of Africa were highly vulnerable to parasitic infections. The prevalence of these diseases was highest in those aged 21 to 30 years, and 100% of people in these locations were infected. Infected individuals often have diarrhea, loss of appetite, and anemia. Some of the most common symptoms were fatigue and diahorea, and they may also have anemia.
In Nigeria, the prevalence of intestinal parasites was highest among women in the age group of 21-30 years. The highest prevalence was seen in the age brackets of 11-20 years. The most prevalent parasite was Ascaris lumbricoides, with an incidence rate of 18.1%. Among the other parasites in this area, Strongyloides stercoralis was the most common. Its prevalence varied across the study locations.
Among these, fleas and roundworms are the most common parasitic species in humans. Some parasites can enter through the skin. Others are spread through insect bites. Infected individuals can also transmit parasites to other people through blood transfusions, organ transplants, and needles. In pregnant women, the parasites can be transferred from the mother to the fetus. Furthermore, some infectious organisms are transmitted through the blood and organs of infected individuals.