|How to cite this article:
Tavana AM. Unknown fever in patients that may be sand fly fever?. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2016;9:374-5
|How to cite this URL:
Tavana AM. Unknown fever in patients that may be sand fly fever?. Ann Trop Med Public Health [serial online] 2016 [cited 2017 Nov 14];9:374-5. Available from: https://www.atmph.org/text.asp?2016/9/5/374/190218
Sand fly fever also called papatasi fever, phlebotomus fever, or 3-day fever, is one the arbovirus diseases.  The virsus belongs to Bunyaviridae family and Genus of Nariovius.  More than 8 serotypes of the diseases well introduced by scientist. The diseases more prevalent in are which leishmanasis, in particular, cutaneous leishmaniasis is present.  No research has been done in area of other form of the leishmaniasis is present. The diseases may not related to habitants of population who are living in endemic area, perhaps the other people in particular traveler mostly people who are traveling to endemic area for the first time in short duration time are at risk.  The diseases have been reported in many wars and conflicts. , The main symptom of the disease is fever, photophobia, myalgia, and muscleache.  No routine test has been performed in developed and developing countries to identify the diseases. However, mostly the clinical symptom may be identical for expert physicians in the infected area.  The new and nonexperiences physician may be the missed the cases. Not specific cure has been introduced so far. Care must be taken for travelers who are traveling in the endemic area. The unknown diseases with above sign and symptoms may be considered as Sand fly fever the things which must be known by general practitioners and infectious diseases specialist anyway.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
Tavana AM. Sandfly fever in the world. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2015;8:83-7.
Nicoletti L, Ciufolini MG, Verani P. Sandfly fever viruses in Italy. Arch Virol Suppl 1996;11:41-7.
Tavana AM. Why cutaneous leishmaniasis could not be prevented completely? An open discussion. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2011;4:52-3.
Dionisio D, Esperti F, Vivarelli A, Valassina M. Epidemiological, clinical and laboratory aspects of sandfly fever. Curr Opin Infect Dis 2003;16:383-8.
Tavana AM. The seroepidemiological studies of sand fly fever in Iran during imposed war. Iran J Public Health 2001;30:145-6.
Brett-Major DM, Claborn DM. Sand fly fever: What have we learned in one hundred years? Mil Med 2009;174:426-31.
Tavana AM. Minireview on sand fly fever. J Entomol 2007;4:401-3.
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None